站内搜索: 设为首页 | 加入收藏  [繁体版]
文库首页智慧悦读基础读物汉传佛教藏传佛教南传佛教古 印 度白话经典英文佛典随机阅读佛学问答佛化家庭手 机 站
佛教故事禅话故事佛教书屋戒律学习法师弘法居士佛教净业修福净宗在线阿含专题天台在线禅宗在线唯识法相人物访谈
分类标签素食生活佛化家庭感应事迹在线抄经在线念佛佛教文化大 正 藏 藏经阅读藏经检索佛教辞典网络电视电 子 书
为什么不教导入出息念 Why Mindfulness of Respiration is Not Taught
 
[摩罗迦子经讲记·马哈希西亚多] [点击:930]   [手机版]
背景色

Why Mindfulness of Respiration is Not Taught

为什么不教导入出息念

Mindfulness of respiration (ānāpānassati) is included in the ten recollections. It is concentration on breathing in and breathing out. Breathing is an act of the element of motion. It may be asked, therefore, “Why not take up the exercise of breathing in and out?” In my opinion, I agree that ānāpāna could lead to the establishment of insight knowledge, but it should be noted that the Visuddhimagga puts it in the category of meditation objects for tranquillity as opposed to insight. It enumerates the fourteen body contemplations as follows:

入出息念(ānāpānassati,安那般那念)是包含在十随念中。它是专注于入息和出息。呼吸是运动元素的一种活动。因此或许有人会问,“为什么不是进行入出息念的练习呢?”依照本人观点,我同意入出息念业处可以导致观智的建立,但是应该注意到,《清净道论》把它放到了止禅业处的类别中,而不是观禅。它列举十四种身至念业处如下:

“Herein, the three, that is to say, the sections on the four postures, on the four kinds of full awareness, and on attention directed to the elements as they are stated [at M.iii.89] deal with insight. ... So there are only two, that is the sections on breathing and on directing attention to repulsiveness that, as stated there, deal with concentration.” (Vism. 240)

“于此,有三节,也就是说,四威仪节、四正知节、界作意节,如同它们被陈述的那样[在 M.iii.89],涉及观。…所以只有两节,即入出息念节和厌恶作意节,涉及止。”(Vism. 240)(译注,更精确的文义把握,请全面阅读《清净道论》的身至念节P244,及本节末尾的译注。)

Thus it is clearly stated that mindfulness of breathing belongs to the development of concentration. Therefore, if we advocated mindfulness of breathing we would be open to the criticism that we were teaching samatha and not vipassanā. Then we would be unable to make a rebuttal of this charge without contradicting this teaching in the Visuddhimagga. However, we allow those who like to practise mindfulness of the respiration to have their wish. We impose no restriction upon them.

如此,它清楚地讲到入出息念属于止禅。因此,如果我们提倡入出息念,我们将会面临这样的批评,说我们是在教导止禅(samatha)而不是观禅(vipassanā)。这样我们将无法反驳这种刁难同时又不抵触《清净道论》的这个教导。不过,我们允许那些喜欢练习入出息念的人达成他们的愿望。我们不会对他们强加限制。

The Patisambhidāmagga and the Visuddhimagga are explicit on the point that, when doing breathing exercises, one must concentrate on the tip of the nose without letting the mind follow the course of the breath in and out. The purpose is to enable the meditator to develop access concentration (upacāra samādhi) and attainment concentration (appanā samādhi) to enter jhāna.

《无碍解道》和《清净道论》都清楚提到,进行呼吸练习时,必须专注于鼻子前端,不要让心跟随呼吸的出入过程。目的是使得禅修者培育出近行定(upacāra samādhi),然后达到安止定(appanā samādhi)来进入禅那。

In the practice of insight, there is no restriction that directs the meditator to note only one phenomenon continuously. If we instruct the meditators to note all the phenomena of touch that occur in various parts of the body while breathing in and out, we will again be open to the criticism that we are contradicting the two authorities just cited. That is why we do not encourage meditators to practise mindfulness of respiration for insight meditation.

在内观练习中,没有限制禅修者要持续不断地只注意一个现象。如果我们教导禅修者在出息入息时注意发生在身体各部分的所有触的现象,我们将再次面临批评,批评我们抵触刚提到的两处典据。这就是我们为什么不鼓励禅修者练习入出息念来开展内观禅修的原因。

(译注,《大念处经》的身随观部分介绍了十四种身至念业处,包含这五节及九墓节。雷迪尊者在《Ānāpāna Dīpani》中说《身至念经(中部119经)》介绍了十八种身至念业处,另多了四种禅那。论中的“身至念业处”一般是狭义,特指厌恶作意,即三十二身分。词源分析,kāyagatasati:kāya身gata至sati念。其中,gata:已行去的, 已(到)达的, 已有关系的(已来到(进入)某种状态或情况…)


分享到: 更多



上一篇:观照腹部的运动 Meditation on Abdominal Movements
下一篇:触触之前 Touches Not Touched Before



△TOP
佛海影音法师视频 音乐视频 视频推荐 视频分类佛教电视 · 佛教电影 · 佛教连续剧 · 佛教卡通 · 佛教人物 · 名山名寺 · 舍利专题 · 慧思文库
无量香光 | 佛教音乐 | 佛海影音 | 佛教日历 | 天眼佛教网址 | 般若文海 | 心灵佛教桌面 | 万世佛香·佛骨舍利 | 金刚萨埵如意宝珠 | 佛教音乐试听 | 佛教网络电视
友情链接
中国当代佛教网 当代佛教故事网 当代佛教文化网 当代佛教圣地 当代佛教禅宗网 当代佛教新闻网 当代佛教舍利网 当代佛教净土网
当代佛教音乐网 当代佛教图片网 当代佛教素食网 当代佛教电影网 当代佛教藏经阁 当代佛教般若文海 当代佛教显密文库
金刚经 新浪佛学 佛教辞典 听佛 大藏经 在线抄经 佛都信息港 白塔寺
心灵桌面 显密文库 无量香光 天眼网址 般若文海 菩提之夏 生死书 文殊增慧
网上礼佛 佛眼导航 佛教音乐 佛教图书 佛教辞典

客服QQ:1280183689

[显密文库·佛教文集] 白玛若拙佛教文化传播工作室制作 [无量香光·佛教世界] 教育性、非赢利性、公益性的佛教文化传播
[京ICP备16063509号-26 ] goodweb.net.cn Copyrights Reserved
如无意中侵犯您的权益或含有非法内容,请与我们联系。站长信箱:alanruochu_99@126.com
敬请诸位善心佛友在论坛、博客、facebook或其他地方转贴或相告本站网址或文章链接,功德无量。
愿以此功德,消除宿现业,增长诸福慧,圆成胜善根,所有刀兵劫,及与饥馑等,悉皆尽消除,人各习礼让,一切出资者,
辗转流通者,现眷咸安宁,先亡获超升,风雨常调顺,人民悉康宁,法界诸含识,同证无上道。
 


Nonprofit Website For Educational - Spread The Wisdom Of the Buddha & Buddhist Culture