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禅诗 Zen Poems
 
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背景色
Zen Poems
 
Sharing a Mountain Hut with a Cloud
A lonely hut on the mountain-peak towering above a thousand others;
One half is occupied by an old monk and the other by a cloud:
Last night it was stormy and the cloud was blown away;
After all a cloud could not equal the old man’s quiet way.
Kuei-tsung Chih-chih, a monk who lived in a humble hut on Lu-shan (卢山 Rozan)
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 352)
"he aptly gives vent to his appreciation of Emptiness; the verse is not to be understood as merely describing his solitary hut where he lived in company with clouds." (Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 351-2)
 
Carrying Water, Chopping Wood
神通并妙用 Miraculous power and marvelous activity–
运水及柴 Drawing water and hewing wood!23
P’ang Yün (庞蕴 Hõ Un, 740-808), a lay disciple of the eighth century, also known as P’ang Chü-shih (庞居士 Hõ Koji) (Chü-shih/koji is a title of respect for a lay student of Ch’an)
(The Way of Zen 221 o)
23 Ch’uan Teng Lu, 8. (The Way of Zen 133)
 
How wondrous this, how mysterious!
I carry fuel, I draw water. (Zen and Japanese Culture 16)
 
How wondrously supernatural,
And how miraculous this!
I draw water, and I carry fuel. (Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 319)
 
Supernatural power, wondrous activity – just a matter of
carrying fuel or drawing water. (Zen Words for the Heart 57)
 
日日事无别 Daily, nothing particular,
惟吾自偶谐 Only nodding to myself,
头头非取捨 Nothing to choose, nothing to discard.
处处没张乖 No coming, no going,
朱紫谁为号 No person in purple,
邱山絶尘埃 Blue mountains without a speck of dust.
神通妙用 I exercise occult and subtle power,
运水及搬柴 Carrying water, shouldering firewood.
(Two Zen Classics 262-3)
"Hõ Koji (Hõ was his family, Koji a title of respect for a lay student of Zen) studied first with Sekitõ and then with Baso, who he succeeded. When he first met Sekitõ, he asked, ’Who is he that is independent of all things?’ Before he had finished asking this, Sekitõ covered Koji’s mouth with his hand. At this Koji underwent an experience and expressed himself in the following verse:" (Two Zen Classics 262-3)
 
日日事无别 In my daily life there are no other chores than
惟吾自偶谐 Those that happen to fall into my hands.
头头非取捨 Nothing I choose, nothing reject.
处处没张乖 Nowhere is there ado, nowhere a slip.
朱紫谁为号 I have no other emblems of my glory than
邱山絶尘埃 The mountains and hills without a spot of dust.
神通妙用 My magical power and spiritual exercise consists in
运水及搬柴 Carrying water and gathering firewood.
P’ang Chü-shih (The Golden Age of Zen 94, 304 n.5)
"Ma-tsu’s outstanding lay disciple, Pang Yün" (The Golden Age of Zen 94)
 
Stillness
十方同聚会 The ten directions converging,
个个学无为 Each learning to do nothing,
此是选佛场 This is the hall of Buddha’s training;
心空及第归 Mind’s empty, all’s finished.
P’ang Yün (庞蕴 Hõ Un) (Two Zen Classics 263)
"When he came to Baso he again said, ’Who is he that is independent of all things?’ Baso said, ’When you have drunk all the water in the Yang-tze river, I will tell you.’ At this, Koji underwent his great experience and composed another verse:" (Two Zen Classics 263)
 
Without Name and Form
Well versed in the Buddha way,
I go the non-Way
Without abandoning my
Ordinary person’s affairs.
The conditioned and
Name-and-form,
All are flowers in the sky.
Nameless and formless,
I leave birth-and-death.
P’ang Yün (庞蕴 Hõ Un)
 
Mind at Peace
When the mind is at peace,
the world too is at peace.
Nothing real, nothing absent.
Not holding on to reality,
not getting stuck in the void,
you are neither holy or wise, just
an ordinary fellow who has completed his work.
P’ang Yün (庞蕴 Hõ Un) (The Enlightened Heart 34)
 
Being as Is
Food and clothes sustain
Body and life;
I advise you to learn
Being as is.
When it’s time,
I move my hermitage and go,
And there’s nothing
To be left behind.
P’ang Yün (庞蕴 Hõ Un)
 
The Ultimate Attainment
The past is already past.
Don’t try to regain it.
The present does not stay.
Don’t try to touch it.
From moment to moment.
The future has not come;
Don’t think about it
Beforehand.
Whatever comes to the eye,
Leave it be.
There are no commandments
To be kept;
There’s no filth to be cleansed.
With empty mind really
Penetrated, the dharmas
Have no life.
When you can be like this,
You’ve completed
The ultimate attainment.
P’ang Yün (庞蕴 Hõ Un)
 
Mindfulness
春有百花秋有月    Spring comes with its flowers, autumn with the moon,
夏有凉风冬有雪    summer with breezes, winter with snow;
若无闲事挂心头    when useless things don’t stick in the mind,
更是人间好时节    that is your best season.
Wu-men Huai-kai (无门慧开 Mumon Ekai), from Wu-men kuan (Mumonkan) case 19
(The Light Inside the Dark 97)
 
春有百花秋有月    The spring flowers, the autumn moon;
夏有凉风冬有雪    Summer breezes, winter snow.
若无闲事挂心头    If useless things do not clutter your mind,
更是人间好时节    You have the best days of your life.
(Two Zen Classics 73)
 
春有百花秋有月    Hundreds of spring flowers; the autumnal moon;
夏有凉风冬有雪    A refreshing summer breeze; winter snow;
若无闲事挂心头    Free thy mind of all idle thoughts,
更是人间好时节    And for thee how enjoyable every season is!
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 349)
 
春有百花秋有月    Hundreds of flowers in the spring, the moon in the autumn,
夏有凉风冬有雪    A cool breeze in summer; and snow in winter;
若无闲事挂心头    If there is no vain cloud in your mind
更是人间好时节    For you it is a good season.
(Zen Comments on the Mumonkan 140)
 
In spring hundreds of flowers,
In summer, refreshing breeze.
In autumn, harvest moon,
In winter, snowflakes accompany you.
If useless things do not hand in your mind,
Every season is a good season. (Zen Word, Zen Calligraphy 9)
 
Spring has its hundred flowers,
Autumn its moon.
Summer has its cooling breezes,
Winter its snow.
If you allow no idle concerns
To weight on your heart,
Your whole life will be one
Perennial good season. (The Golden Age of Zen 286-7)
[This source have the 3rd line with a variant character (3rd character): 若无闲事挂心头 (The Golden Age of Zen 324 n.95)]
 
The Great Tao
大道无形      Daidõ mugyõ,                                      The Great Tao is without form,
眞理无对      Shinri mutai,                                         The Absolute is without opposite;
等空不动      Hitoshiku kû fudõ,               It is both empty and unmoving,
非生死流      Shõji no nagare ni arazu;   It is not within the flow of Samsara;
三界不摄      Sangai fushõ,                                        The Three Realms do not contain it,
非古夹今      Koraikon ni arazu.               It is not within past, future, or present.
Nan-ch’üan P’u-yüan (Nansen Fugan 南泉普愿)
(The Development of Chinese Zen After the Sixth Patriarch 58)
 
大道无形      The Great Tao has no form,
眞理无对      Truth has no counterpart,
等空不动      It is motionless like the Void,
非生死流      It does not wander through [the samsara of] life and death,
三界不摄      The Three Worlds do not contain it,
非古夹今      Within it there is neither past, nor present, nor future.
(The Development of Chinese Zen After the Sixth Patriarch 11-2)
 
Oneness
弥勒眞弥勒 O Maitreya, O true Maitreya!
分身千百亿 Thou dividest the body into hundreds of thousands of million forms.
时时示时人 Thus manifesting thyself to men of the world;
时人自不识 But how they are ignorant of thee!
Verse attributed to Pu-tai (布袋 Hotei), one of the Seven Gods of Luck
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 289)
 
Shan-hui
有物先天地 Something there is, prior to heaven and earth,
无形本寂寥 Without form, without sound, all alone by itself.
能为万象主 It has the power to control all the changing things;
不逐四时凋 Yet it changes not in the course of the four seasons.
Bodhisattva Shan-hui (善慧), better known as Fu Ta-shih (傅大士) (497-?)
(The Golden Age of Zen 254, 322 n.25)
 
Shan-hui
空手把鉏头         Empty-handed, I hold a hoe.
步行骑水牛         Walking on foot, I ride a buffalo.
人在桥上过               Passing over a bridge, I see
桥流水不流               The bridge flow, but not the water.
Bodhisattva Shan-hui (善慧), better known as Fu Ta-shih (傅大士) (497-?)
(The Golden Age of Zen 254, 322 n.24)
 
空手把鉏头         Empty-handed I go and yet the spade is in my hands;
步行骑水牛         I walk on foot, and yet on the back of an ox I am riding:
人在桥上过               When I pass over the bridge,
桥流水不流               Lo, the water floweth not, but the bridge doth flow.
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 272)
 
Beyond This World
通玄峯顶      Over the crest of the T’ung-hsuan-feng,
不是人间      The human world is no more.
心外无      Nothing is outside the Mind;
満目青山      And the eye is filled with green mountains.
T’ien-t’ai Te-chao (天台德昭 Tendai Tokushõ; 891-972), most prominent disciple of Fa-yen (法眼 Hõgen), and abbot of a temple on Mount T’ung-hsuan-feng (通玄峯).
(The Golden Age of Zen 240, 321 n.37)
 
Mindfulness
行到水穷处 I stroll along the stream up to where it ends.
坐看云起时 I sit down watching the clouds as they begin to rise.
Wang Wei (王维, 699-761) (The Golden Age of Zen 271, 323 n.62)
"The most favorite lines among the Zen masters are Wang Wei’s (王维):" (The Golden Age of Zen 271) "I have seen this charming couplet many times in Zen literature." (The Golden Age of Zen 271-2)
 
Oblivion
幽鸟语如篁 A bird in a secluded grove sings like a flute.
柳摇金线长 Willows sway gracefully with their golden threads.
云归山谷静 The mountain valley grows the quieter as the clouds return.
风送杏花香 A breeze brings along the fragrance of the apricot flowers.
永日萧然坐 For a whole day I have sat here encompassed by peace,
澄心万忘 Till my mind is cleansed in and out of all cares and idle thoughts.
欲言言不及 I wish to tell you how I feel, but words fail me.
林下好商量 If you come to this grove, we can compare notes.
Ch’an master Fa-yen (法眼 Hõgen) (The Golden Age of Zen 238, 321 n.31)
 
Suchness
The wind traverses the vast sky,
clouds emerge from the mountains;
Feelings of enlightenment and things of the world
are of no concern at all.
Zen Master Keizan Jõkin (莹山绍瑾 1268-1325)
From Transmission of the Light (传光録 Denkõroku), chap. 22 (Transmission of Light 97)
 
Nan-ch’üan’s Serenity
Drinking tea, eating rice,
I pass my time as it comes;
Looking down at the stream, looking up at the mountains,
How serene and relaxed I feel indeed!
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 264)
Ch’an master Nan-ch’üan P’u-yüan (南泉普愿 Nansen Fugan)
 
Serenity
At Nantai I sit quietly with an incense burning,
One day of rapture, all things are forgotten,
Not that mind is stopped and thoughts are put away,
But that there is really nothing to disturb my serenity.
Shou-an (守安 Shuan) (Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 349)
Nan-t’ai (南台 Nantai)
 
Emptiness Poem
Old P’ang requires nothing in the world:
All is empty with him, even a seat he has not,
For absolute Emptiness reigns in his household;
How empty indeed it is with no treasures!
When the sun is risen, he walks through Emptiness,
When the sun sets, he sleeps in Emptiness;
Sitting in Emptiness he sings his empty songs,
And his empty songs reverberate through Emptiness:
Be not surprised at Emptiness so thoroughly empty,
For Emptiness is the seat of all the Buddhas;
And Emptiness is not understood by the men of the world,
But Emptiness is the real treasure:
If you say there’s no Emptiness,
You commit grave offence against the Buddhas.
P’ang (Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 341)
"Who flourished in the Yüan-ho period (806-821) and thereabout, and was a younger contemporary of Ma-tsu." (Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 341 n.1)
 
Cutting the Spring Breeze
乾坤无地卓孤筇
喜得人空法亦空
珍重大元三尺剣
电光影裡斩春风
Throughout heaven and earth there is not a piece of ground where a single stick could be inserted;
I am glad that all things are void, myself and the world:
Honored be the sword, three feet long, wielded by the great Yüan swordsmen;
For it is like cutting a spring breeze in a flash of lightning.
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 255 n.2)
"Tsu-yüan (1226-1286) came to Japan when the Hõjõ family was in power at Kamakura. He established the Engakuji monastery, which is one of the chief Zen monasteries in Japan. While still in China his temple was invaded by soldiers of the Yüan dynasty, who threatened to kill him, but Bukkõ was immovable and quietly uttered the following verse:" (Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 255 n.2)
Wu-hsüeh Tsu-yüan (无学祖元 Mugaku Sogen; also known as Fo-kuang Kuo-shih 佛光国师/Bukkõ Kokushi, 1226-1286)
Variant character in the last line 电光影斩春风 (里 instead of 裡)
 
There is not a room in the whole universe where one can insert even a single stick;
I see the emptiness of all things—no objects, no persons.
I admire the sword of the Great Yüan40 three feet in length:
[When it cuts at all,] it is like cutting the spring breeze with a flash of lightning.
(Zen and Japanese Culture 201-2)
40The Mongolian dynasty (1260-1367) that invaded China and replaced the Sung dynasty. (Zen and Japanese Culture 202) [元 Yüan; 宋 Sung]
 
The heaven and earth afford me no shelter at all;
I’m glad, unreal are body and soul.
Welcome thy weapon, O warrior of Yuan! Thy trusty steel,
That flashes lightning, cuts the wind of Spring, I feel. (The Spirit of Zen 95)
 
Wu-hsüeh Tsu-yüan’s poem is reminiscent of a poem by Seng-chao (僧肇 Sõjõ), a disciple of Kumarajiva, the founder of the San-lun (三论 Sanron) Sect of Buddhism. On the verge of death by a vagabond’s sword, Seng-chao expressed his feelings in the following verse:
In body there exists no soul.
The mind is not real at all.
Now try on me thy flashing steel,
As if it cuts the wind of Spring, I feel. (file ZenHistory)
 
Even the Fire is Cool
三伏闭门披一衲    In the midsummer heat, the gate is closed and we’re wearing monk’s robes,
兼无荫松竹房廊    In addition, there are no pines or bamboos shading the rooms and corridors,
安禅必不须山水    For a peaceful meditation, we need not to go to the mountains and streams;
灭却心头火亦凉    When thoughts are quieted down, fire itself is cool and refreshing.
Ch’an monk Tu Kou-hao (杜苟鹤 To Junkaku)
Famous poem of T’ang monk and poet Tu Kou-hao, known as 题夏日悟空上人院诗.
(Suzuki quotes only the last two verses of the poem, as the words of Zen master Kaisen (快川), abbot of Erinji (恵林寺) in Japan’s Kai province. These were Kaisen’s words prior to being burned alive in his temple by soldiers. Zen and Japanese Culture 79)
The last verse is used as a saying in Japan. (心头を灭却すれば火も亦凉し Shintõ o mekkyaku sureba, hi mo mata suzushi.)
 
Immovable Mind
欲识永明旨 You wish to know the spirit of Yung-ming Zen?
门前一湖水 Look at the lake in front of the gate.
日照光明至 When the sun shines, it radiates light and brightness,
波夹波浪起 When the wind comes, there arise ripples and waves.
Yung-ming Yen-shou (永明延寿 Yõmyõ Enju; 904-975) disciple of T’ien-t’ai Te-chao (天台德昭 Tendai Tokushõ; 891-972). (The Golden Age of Zen 241, 321n.41)
"There is a time for peaceful contemplation; there is a time for dynamic action; and all the time the lake remains itself." (The Golden Age of Zen 241)
 
Hsiang-yen’s Gatha of Enlightenment
一撃忘所知 Forgetting all knowledge at one stroke,
更不假修治 I do not need cultivation anymore.
动容扬古路 Activity expressing the ancient road,
不堕悄然机 I don’t fall into passivity.
处处无踪跡 Everywhere trackless,
声色忘威仪 conduct beyond sound and form:
诸方达道者 the adepts in all places
咸言上上机 call this the supreme state.
Gâthâ of enlightenment (省悟偈) by Ch’an master Hsiang-yen Chih-hsien (香严智闲 Kyõgen Chikan) (Rational Zen 119)
 
一撃忘所知 One stroke and all is gone,
更不假修治 No need of stratagem or cure;
动容扬古路 Each and every action manifests the ancient Way.
不堕悄然机 My spirit is never downcast,
处处无踪跡 I leave no tracks behind me,
声色忘威仪 Enlightenment is beyond speech, beyond gesture;
诸方达道者 Those who are emancipated
咸言上上机 Call it the unsurpassed.
(Two Zen Classics 40)
 
一撃忘所知 One stroke has made me forget all my previous knowledge,
更不假修治 No artificial discipline is at all needed;
动容扬古路 In every movement I uphold the ancient way,
不堕悄然机 And never fall into the rut of mere quietism;
处处无踪跡 Wherever I walk no traces are left,
声色忘威仪 And my senses are not fettered by rules of conduct;
诸方达道者 Everywhere those who have attained to the truth,
咸言上上机 All declare this to be of highest order.
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 243)
 
一撃忘所知 Ichigeki shochi o bõzu,      At a single stroke all I’d known was forgotten,
更不假修治 Sara ni shûchi o karazu.     Now there’s no further need for cultivation.
(The Development of Chinese Zen After the Sixth Patriarch 18, 64)
 
Yen-shou’s Poem of Enlightenment
扑落非他物         Something dropped! It is no other thing;
纵横不是尘              Right and left, there is nothing earthy:
山河并大地              Rivers and mountains and the great earth,—
全露法王身              In them all revealed is the Body of the Dharmarâja.
Ch’an master Yung-ming Yen-shou (永明延寿 Yõmyõ Enju) (904-975)
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 250)
Variant of the line 3 山河及大地
"His realization took place when he heard a bundle of fuel dropping on the ground." (Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 250)
 
Chang Chiu-ch’en’s Poem of Enlightenment
春天月夜一声蛙
撞破乾坤共一家
In a moonlit night on a spring day,
The croak of a frog
Pierces through the whole cosmos and turns it into
a single family!
Chang Chiu-ch’en (张九成) (The Golden Age of Zen 284, 324 n.88)
"The Upasaka Chang Chiu-ch’en (张九成) was pondering a koan when he was in the toilet. Suddenly he heard the croak of a frog, and he was awakened, as evidenced by the following lines:" (The Golden Age of Zen 284)
 
No-Mind
Versified questions and replies between T’ang emperor Shun-tsung (顺宗) and Ch’an master Fo-kuang Ju-man (佛光如满 Bukkõ Nyoman):
 
佛从何方来 From where did the Buddha come,
灭向何方去 To where did the Buddha go?
既言常住世 If the Buddha is still around,
佛今在何处 Where can be the Buddha found?             Shun-tsung
 
佛从无为来 From non-activity the Buddha came
灭向无为去 To non-activity the Buddha disappeared.
法身满虚空 Cosmic reality his spiritual body is,
常住无心处 In no-mind the Buddha will appear.        Ju-man
 
山河与大海 Great mountains, rivers and seas,
天地及日月 Heaven and earth, sun and moon.
时至皆归尽 Who says there is no birth and death?
谁言不生灭 For even these meet their end soon.        Shun-tsung
 
生亦未曾生 Birth is also before birth,
灭亦未曾灭 Death is also before death.
了见无生处 If you have attained no-mind,
自然无法説 Naturally there will be nothing left.        Ju-man
(The Complete Book of Zen 242-3)
"Emperor Soon Zong of the Tand dynasty asked the Zen master Ru Man, in poetic style:" (The Complete Book of Zen 242)
(In The Complete Book of Zen, the longer verses are used partly to make quatrains. The original verses run as follows (the verses used in the above poems are emphasized):
Shun-tsung asked: 佛从何方来灭向何方去既言常住世佛今在何处
Ju-man replied:
佛从无灭向无法身满虚空常住无心处。有念归无念、有住归无住、来为众生来、去为众生去。清净眞如海、湛然体常住、智者常思维、更勿生疑虑。
Shun-tsung asked:
佛向王宫来、灭向双林灭、住世四十九、又言无法説。山河与大海天地及日月时至皆归尽谁言不生灭? 疑情犹若斯、智者善分别。
Ju-man replied:
佛体本无为、迷情妄分别、法身等虚空、未曾有生灭。有缘佛出世、无缘佛入灭、处处化众生、犹如水中月。非常亦非断、非生亦非灭、生亦未曾生灭亦未曾灭了见无生处自然无法説。)
 
Gathas of Shen-hsiu and Hui-neng
身是菩提树 This body is the Bodhi-tree,
心如明镜台 The soul is like a mirror bright;
时时勤拂拭 Take heed to keep it always clean,
莫使惹尘埃 And let no dust collect on it.                      Shen-hsiu
 
菩提本无树 The Bodhi is not like the tree,
明镜亦非台 The mirror bright is nowhere shining;
本夹无一物 As there is nothing from the first,
何处惹尘埃 Where can the dust itself collect?            Hui-neng
 
Gâthâs of Shen-hsiu (神秀 Jinshû) and Hui-neng (慧能 Enõ)
From Hui-neng’s Platform Sûtra (T’an-ching 坛经/Dankyõ,
full title Liu-tsu Ta-shih Fa-pao-t’an-ching 六祖大师法宝坛经 Rokuso Daishi Hõhõdankyõ)
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 206, 207)
 
身是菩提树 The body is the tree of enlightenment.
心如明镜台 The mind is the stand of a bright mirror.
时时勤拂拭 Wipe it constantly and with ever-watchful diligence,
勿使惹尘埃 To keep it uncontaminated by the worldly dust.           Shen-hsiu
(The Golden Age of Zen 60, 300 n.4)
 
菩提本无树 Enlightenment is no tree,
明镜亦非台 Nor is the Bright Mirror a stand.
本夹无一物 Since it is not a thing at all,
何处惹尘埃 Where could it be contaminated by dust?          Hui-neng
(The Golden Age of Zen 60, 300 n.5)
 
The body is the Bodhi tree,                                       Bodhi by nature is no tree,
The mind is like a mirror.                            The mirror is inherently formless.
Every now and then dust and polish it,  There is originally nothing,
And let no dust settle on it.                                       On what, then, can the dust settle?
(Two Zen Classics 160-1)
 
The body is like unto the Bodhi-tree,                   Neither is there Bodhi-tree,
And the mind to a mirror bright;               Nor yet a mirror bright;
Carefully we cleanse them hour by hour            Since in reality all is void,
Lest dust should fall upon them.              Whereon can the dust fall?
(The Spirit of Zen 37)
 
The body is the tree of enlightenment,   Enlightenment is basically not a tree,
And the mind like a clear mirror stand;  And the clear mirror not a stand.
Time and again wipe it diligently,                          Fundamentally there is not a single thing—
Don’t let it gather dust.                                  Where can dust collect?
(Transmission of Light 140-1)
 
The body is the bodhi-tree,                                        Bodhi is actually not a tree,
The mind is like the mirror bright.                        The mind not a mirror bright.
Clean it diligently every time,                                  Buddha nature is always tranquil,
Do not ever let dust alight.                                       Wherefore can dust alight?
(The Complete Book of Zen 81)
 
The body is the tree of wisdom,                Wisdom never had a tree,
the mind a bright mirror in its stand.                    the bright mirror lacks a stand.
At all times take care to keep it polished,           Fundamentally there is not a single thing—
never let the dust and grime collect!                     where could the dust and grime collect?
(Zen: Tradition and Transition 127)
 
Japanese readings of the gâthâs:
 
身是菩提树 Mi wa kore Bodaiju
心如明镜台 Shin wa meikyõdai no gotoshi
时时勤拂拭 Jiji ni tsutomete fusshiki shite
莫使惹尘埃 Jin’ai o shite hikashimuru koto nakare   Shen-hsiu
 
菩提本无树 Bodai moto ju nashi
明镜亦非台 Meikyõ mo mata dai ni arazu
本夹无一物 Honrai muichimotsu
何处惹尘埃 Dore no sho ni ka jin’ai o hikan   Hui-neng
 
Variations of Hui-neng’s gâthâ in two different manuscripts:
Kõshõji manuscript, Kyõto           Tun-huang (Tonkõ) manuscript
(兴圣寺本)                              (敦煌本)
菩提本无树                            菩提本无树
明镜亦非台                            明镜亦无台
本夹无一物                           佛性常清浄
何处惹尘埃                            何处有尘埃
"According to the Tun-huang MS. copy of the Platform Sûtra, the third line reads: ’The Buddha-nature is ever pure and undefiled’ " (Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 46 n.1) 佛性常清浄
 
Gathas of Wo-lun and Hui-neng
"A monk once made reference to a gâthâ composed by Wo-luan which reads as follows:" (Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 225)
"Hearing this, the sixth patriarch remarked: ’That is no enlightenment but leads one into a state of bondage. Listen to my gâthâ:" (Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 225)
 
卧轮有伎俩 I, Wo-luan, know a device
能断百思想 Whereby to blot out all my thoughts:
对境心不起 The objective world no more stirs the mind,
菩提日日长 And daily matures my Enlightenment!   Wo-lun
 
惠能没伎俩 I, Hui-neng, know no device
不断百思想 My thoughts are not suppressed:
对境心数起 The objective world ever stirs the mind,
菩提作么长 And what is the use of maturing Enlightenment?        Hui-neng
Gâthâs of Wo-lun (卧轮 Garin) and Hui-neng (慧能 Enõ)
From Hui-neng’s T’an-ching (Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 225)
 
卧轮有伎俩 Wo-Lun possesses a special aptitude:
能断百思想 He can cut off all thoughts.
对境心不起 No situation can stir his mind.
菩提日日长 The Bodhi tree grows daily in him.         Wo-lun
 
惠能没伎俩 Hui-neng has no special aptitude:
不断百思想 He does not cut off any thoughts.
对境心数起 His mind responds to all situations.
菩提作么长 In what way can the Bodhi tree grow?   Hui-neng
From Hui-neng’s T’an-ching (The Golden Age of Zen 81, 302 n.33)
 
Emptiness Gnashing its Teeth
截断佛祖      Buddhas and patriarchs cut to pieces;
常磨吹毛      The sword is ever kept sharpened.
机轮転処      Where the wheel turns,
虚空咬牙      The void gnashes its teeth.
Death verse of Shûhõ Myõchõ (宗峰妙超, titled Daitõ Kokushi, 1282-1337)
(Manual of Zen Buddhism 148)
"For many years Shuho had been unable to meditate in the full lotus position because of a crippled leg. When he felt death approaching, he broke his leg with his own hands and took the full lotus. Then, despite agonizing pain, he wrote his final words and died with the last stroke of the brush." (Samadhi 41)
 
Bright Pearl
我有明珠一颗         There is a bright pearl within me,
久被尘劳关锁         Buried for a long time under dust.
今朝尘尽光生         Today, the dust is gone and the light radiates,
照破山河万朶         Shining through all the mountains and rivers.
Master Yueh of Ch’a-ling (茶陵郁) (The Golden Age of Zen 248, 322 n.7)
Master Yueh of Ch’a-ling "came to his enlightenment when he slipped and fell in crossing a bridge, and that he hit off a very wonderful gatha on the occasion."(The Golden Age of Zen 248)
 
我有明珠一颗         I have one jewel shining bright,
久被尘劳关锁         Long buried it was under worldly worries;
今朝尘尽光生         This morning the dusty veil is off and restored is its lustre,
照破山河万朶         Illuminating rivers and mountains and ten thousand things.
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 250)
 
我有明珠一颗         I have one jewel shining bright,
久被尘劳关锁         Long buried it was underneath worldly worries;
今朝尘尽光生         This morning the dusty veil is off, and restored its lustre,
照破山河万朶         Illuminating the blue mountains in endless undulations.
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 211)
 
Between Heaven and Earth
春山叠乱青 The spring mountains covered with layers of most variegated colors,
春水漾虚碧 And the spring streams fancifully laden with the reflecting images.
寥寥天地间 Standing by himself between heaven and earth,
独立望何极 Facing infinitude of beings.
Ch’an master Hsüeh-t’ou Ch’ung-hsien (雪竇重显 Secchõ Jûken, 980-1052)
(Zen and Japanese Culture 298)
 
The Essence
一字七字三五字    One, seven, three, five.
万象穷夹不为拠    What you search for cannot be grasped.
夜深月白下沧溟    As the night deepens, the moon brightens over the ocean.
捜得驪珠有多许    The black dragon’s jewel is found in every wave.
                                         Looking for the moon, it is here in this wave and the next.
A verse that master Hsueh-t’ou Ch’ung-hsien wrote for a disciple
 
One, seven, three, five.
What you search for cannot be grasped.
As the night deepens,
the moon brightens over the ocean.
The black dragon’s jewel
is found in every wave.
Looking for the moon,
it is here in this wave
and the next.
(Translated by Yasuda Joshu Roshi and Anzan Hoshin Roshi, from Cooking Zen, Great Matter Publications. 1996)
 
Notes
1. Ch’an master Hsueh-t’ou Ch’ung-hsien (雪竇重显 Xuedou Zhongxian/Secchõ Jûken, 980-1052). The second ideogram is a false character (usoji). (Usoji for t’ou: 竇 or 赛) There is also a newer form of the fourth ideogram: 顕. See The Development of Chinese Zen After the Sixth Patriarch 39 for the correct ideogram.
2. Master Hsueh-t’ou gathered the one hundred kõan that became the Blue Cliff Records (Pi-yen Lu 碧巖録/Hekigaroku).
3. The poem is from Zen master Dõgen Kigen’s (道元希玄 1200-1253) Instructions for the Head Cook (Tenzo Kyõkun 典座教训).
 
Huai’s Poem of Enlightenment
One, two, three, four, five, six, seven—
Yes, many thousand feet high is the mountain peak, and lo, someone stands there on one leg;
He has carried away the gem from the dragon’s jaws,
And Vimalakîrti’s secrets he holds in one word.
I-huai of T’ien-i (Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 206)
"While he was carrying water, the pole suddenly broke, and the incidence gave him the chance to become conscious of the truth hitherto hidden to him. The poem he composed to express the feeling he then had runs as follows:" (Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 206)
 
Detached
Be detached, be detached!
Be thoroughly detached!
What then?
The pine is green,
And white is the snow.
Author unknown (The Essentials of Zen Buddhism 237)
 
闲坐林树间、寂然灭众恶
恬澹得一心、斯乐非天乐
人求富贵利、名衣好牀褥
斯乐非安稳、求利无厌足
衲衣行乞食、动止心常一
自以智慧眼、观知诸法实
种种法门中、皆以等观入
解慧心寂然、三界无能及
Monks sit peacefully among the trees,
Ridding themselves of illusion with a calm mind.
Quietly realizing enlightenment,
They experience a joy that is beyond that of heaven.
Laymen seek fame and profit,
Or fine robes, seats, and bedding.
Though the joy in getting them is only fleeting,
They are untiring in their quest.
Monks, however, beg for food in humble robes,
Their daily actions being one with the Way.
With their Wisdom-eye opened
They realize the essence of the Law.
Gathering all together to listen
To the countless Buddhist teachings,
They leave behind the world of illusion,
Quietly enveloped in enlightenment’s Wisdom.
Bodhisattva Nâgârjuna
From Treasury of Eyes of True Teaching (Shõbõ Genzõ 正法眼藏) of Dõgen
(Zen Master Dogen 69-70)
 
Light Itself
Dwell!
You are Light itself.
Rely on yourself,
Do not rely on others.
The Dharma is the Light,
Rely on the Dharma.
Do not rely on anything other than Dharma.
A Pali verse (Zen Word, Zen Calligraphy 31)
 
Poem on Bodhidharma
Poem by Lu Yu, a famous poet of Southern Sung Dynasty (1131-1162). A poem describing Bodhidharma’s personal philosophy.
宗陆游为达磨诗
亦不覩恶而生嫌、亦不观善而勤措
亦不捨智而近愚、亦抛迷而就悟
达大道兮过量、 通佛心兮出度
不与凡圣同经、 超然名之曰祖
Others are revolted, I am unmoved.
Gripped by desires, I am unmoved.
Hearing the wisdom of sages, I am unmoved.
I move only in my own way. (Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing Chi Kung 24)
 
Three Mysteries
三玄三要事难分
得意忘言道易亲
一句明明该万象
重阳九日菊花新
The three mystical doors and the three essential points
Are in actuality hard to divide and distinguish.
If you get the idea, you must forget the words:
This is the simple way to approach the Tao.
All phenomena are clearly comprehended in one sentence:
At the feast of Double-Nine, the chrysanthemums bloom afresh.
Ch’an master Fen-yang Shan-chao (汾阳善昭 Funnyõ Zenshõ, 947-1024)
(The Golden Age of Zen 209-10, 317 n.45)
 
Dead Man’s Zazen
生夹坐不卧 While living, one sits up and lies not,
死去卧不坐 When dead, one lies and sits not;
元是臭骨头 A set of ill-smelling skeleton!
何为立功课 What is the use of toiling and moiling so?
A gâthâ by Hui-neng, T’an-ching (Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 216)
 
生夹坐不卧 When alive, one keeps sitting without lying down:
死去卧不坐 When dead, one lies down without sitting up.
一具臭骨头 In both cases, a set of stinking bones!
何为立功课 What has it to do with the great lesson of life?
(The Golden Age of Zen 82, 302 n.38)
 
生夹坐不卧 A living man who sits and does not lie down,
死去卧不坐 A dead man who lies down and does not sit!
元是臭骨头 After all these are just dirty skeletons. (The Way of Zen 111, 218 hh)
 
The Essence
The bamboo shadows are sweeping the stairs,
Buy no dust is stirred:
The moonlight penetrates deep in the bottom of the pool,
But no trace is left in the water.
Author unknown (Essays in Zen Buddhism – First Series 352)
 
Beyond the Gate
灵光不昧      The celestial radiance undimmed,
万古徽猷      The norm lasting for ever more;
入此门来      For him who entereth this gate,
莫存知解      No reasoning, no learning.
Ch’an master P’ing-t’ien P’u-an (平田普岸 Heiden Fugan)
From Ching-te Record of the Transmission of the Lamp (Ching-te Ch’uan-teng Lu 景徳传灯録/Keitoku Dentõroku), book 9 平田普岸章
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 101)
(In Ching-te Ch’uan-teng Lu the first line is 神光不昧)
 
Quietitude
Here rules an absolute quietness, all doings subside;
Just a touch, and lo, a roaring thunder-clap!
A noise that shakes the earth, and all silence;
The skull is broken to pieces, and awakened I am from the dream!
Tu-feng Chi-shan’s stanza, from Chu-hung’s Biographies of the Famous Zen Masters of Ming
(Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 133 n.2)
 
One with It
Long seeking it through others,
I was far from reaching it.
Now I go by myself;
I meet it everywhere.
It is just I myself,
And I am not itself.
Understanding this way,
I can be as I am.
Ch’an master Tung-shan Ling-chia (洞山良价 Tõsan Ryõkai, 807-869) (Two Zen Classics 267)
 
Do not seek from another,
Or you will be estranged from self.
I now go on alone,
Finding I meet It everywhere.
It now is I,
I now a, m not It.
One should understand in this way
To merge with suchness as is. (Transmission of Light 38)
 
Don’t seek from others,
Or you’ll be estranged from yourself.
I now go on alone—
Everywhere I encounter It.
It now is me, I now am not It.
One must understand in this way
To merge with being as is. (Transmission of Light 167)
 
A Death Verse
I rebuke the wind and revile the rain,
I do not know the Buddhas and patriarchs;
My single activity turns in the twinkling of an eye,
Swifter even than a lightning flash.
Death verse of Zen master Nanpo Jõmyõ (titled Daiõ Kokushi 大应国师, 1235-1308)
(Zen Buddhism: A History, Japan, 40)
 
Old Pan Kou
Old Pan Kou knows nothing about time
and nothing about space has well.
His life is self-natured and self-sufficient.
He needs to ask for nothing outside of his own being.
The genesis of the world is the exercise of his mind.
When his mind starts to think, the world starts to move.
The world has never been made by any special desing.
Neither has an end ever been put to it.
The Song of Pan Kou
 
Contentment
松老云闲      As the pines grew old and the clouds idled
旷然自适      He found boundless contentment within himself.
Babo, preface to The Record of Lin-chi (Lin-chi Lu 临済録/Rinzairoku)
(Zen Word, Zen Calligraphy 127)
 
Mind and Senses
The mind is an organ of thought and objects are set against it:
The two are like marks on the surface of the mirror;
              When the dirt is removed, the light begins to shine.
Both mind and objects being forgotten, Ultimate Nature
              reveals itself true.
Yung-chia Hsüan-chüeh (永嘉玄觉 Yõka Genkaku) (The Essentials of Zen Buddhism 236)
 
Free Spirit
Every day I’m either in a wine shop or a brothel,
A free-spirited monk who is hard to fathom;
My surplice always appears torn and dirty,
But when I patch it, it smells so sweet.
Ch’an master Tao-chi (Lust for Enlightenment 92)
 
Three Teachings into One
道冠儒履佛袈裟    With a Taoist cap, a Buddhist cassock, and a pair of Confucian shoes,
会成三家作一家    I have harmonized three houses into one big family!
Bodhisattva Shan-hui (善慧), better known as Fu Ta-shih (傅大士) (497-?)
(The Golden Age of Zen 254, 322 n.23)
 
Autumn Wind
朝日待つ      Asahi matsu
草叶の露の kusaha no tsuyu no
程无きに      hodo naki ni
急ぎな           isogina
立ちぞ           tachizo
野辺の秋风 nobe no akikaze
On leaf and grass
Awaiting the morning sun
The dew melts quickly away.
Haste thee not, O autumn wind
Who dost now stir in the fields!
A verse (on’uta 御歌) composed by Dõgen Kigen (道元希玄 1200-1253) shortly before his death
(Zen Buddhism: A History, Japan, 72)
 
Forgetting the Self
To learn Buddha Dharma is to learn the self.
To learn the self is to forget the self.
To forget the self is to become one with
endless dimension, Universal Mind.
Dõgen (Zen Word, Zen Calligraphy 23)
("Endless dimension, Universal Mind" is another name for Amitâbha Buddha)
 
This is Our World
We eat, excrete, sleep, and get up;
This is our world.
All we have to do after that–
Is to die.
Dõka (way song/poem) by Zen master Ikkyû Sojun (一休宗纯) (The Way of Zen 162)
"In Japan, wandering monks are called unsui—literally, ’cloud and water’—as a reminder to be always floating and flowing. Ikkyu himself took the moniker Kyoun, or ’Crazy Cloud,’ to describe his eccentric, nonconformist style of zen. (In Japan, the word kyo has connotations of bravery and high intention, of living outside the rules in order to retain the spirit of the rules.) He called his collected poems the ’Crazy Cloud Anthology.’ " (Zen Sex 148) Crazy cloud (狂云 Kyõun)
 
Selflessness
Misery only doth exist, none miserable,
No doer is there; naught save the deed is found.
Nirvâna is, but not the man who seeks it.
The Path exists, but not the traveller on it.
Visuddhimagga (chapt. 16)
Trs. H.C. Warren (Essays in Zen Buddhism – Second Series 311)

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